After our field trip to the Royal Saskatchewan museum, I reflected on how I would conduct a field trip with my classroom. For this field trip, the main purpose was attending the First Nation’s exhibit.When we arrived, we were given a little worksheet that we were supposed to answer throughout the exhibit. The problem with having a worksheet right off the bat, is that students are not actually exploring and learning on their own terms. Likewise, if students have not learned about treaty education and are solely gaining information from the exhibit, there is a chance that they might not get the whole truth about First Nation’s peoples and their past and present experiences.
Field trips should be fun, but they should still serve a purpose. Students need to know before hand what the purpose of the field trip is. I have been on multiple field trips where I did not know what the purpose was or I failed to take into account its purpose.
Here is what I would do differently in my classroom. This field trip would be an end-of-the-year trip or it would take place at the end of a treaty education unit. I want my students to learn the correct facts first, because after attending the exhibit, it is clear that it has flaws. I would have my students go through the exhibit the first time just exploring on their own terms. After they have been through it the first time, I would then ask them to go through again and to write down what they think is missing or what is untrue about the facts that are given throughout the exhibit. This will encourage students to think critically and to form their own opinions and beliefs. I would then have my students share with their peers what they think is missing from the museum and we would have a class discussion. I would then have my students come up with an action plan. An example could be writing a letter to the museum stating that they are missing some key facts about First Nations peoples. I believe that I am an advocate for social change, and I want to encourage my students to do the same.
I will admit that at the start I was not too fond of using the “Backwards by design” method. I found it very hard to come up with the assessment portion right off the bat. However, after having more practice with it, I have come to believe that it is the most effective way to prepare a lesson.
We were given the task of reforming a lesson on the canadian climate. It is easy to pick out the downfalls of someone else’s lesson, but I found it difficult to come up with a better lesson.
My group kept the original outcome, but picked a different indicator that we felt fit better. The assessment is the most important component of a lesson and it makes sense to determine your assessment before creating the lesson. Therefore, once we decided on an assessment, we had no problems coming up with an effective lesson. Another component of the backwards by design template that I often forget about is the “I Can” statements. These statements are essential for student understanding and I find them very helpful when design a lesson plan.
Another component that I like about the backwards by design template is the treaty connections section, which I often tend to forget in my lessons. A reoccurring problem that I often run into is finding a treaty outcome that fits with Saskatchewan’s curriculum outcomes. However, I have come to realize that I don’t need to pick an outcome or indicator from the list, but I can create my own while still making a connection to treaty education.
Subject/Grade: SS 5 Lesson Title: Canadian Climates Teacher: Shelby, Dustan, April
Stage 1: Identify Desired Results
DR5.2 — Assess the impact of the environment on the lives of people living in Canada.
b. Explain how different traditional worldviews of Earth affect the use of resources in Canada (Aboriginal VS. European attitudes towards ownership and use of the land).
Treaty Ed connections:
TR31: Examine the relationships between First Nation peoples and the land, before and after the …………. . signing of the treaties.
- Discuss the worldviews associated with ownership of the land and consider the impact those views have on a person’s relationship to the land.
SI32: Examine how various teachings people have about the natural world guide behaviour and ……… …………….actions.
- Analyze how First Nation peoples’ beliefs guide relationships with the land and natural world.
- Compare the First Nations and British Crown view of the treaties with respect to land and ownership.
HC13 : Explore the many ways people meet their needs from nature and the land on which they live.
- Describe various uses (e.g., food, clothing, shelter) of buffalo, elk, moose, and caribou, now and in the past.
- Compare how people, past and present, live on the land (e.g., agriculture, ranching, trapping, fishing, dwellings, and modes of transportation).
|Key Understandings: (‘I Can’ statements)
- I can describe Aboriginal ways of understanding land and its impact on the use of land and its resources.
- I can describe European ways of understanding land and its impact on the use of land and its resources.
- I can explain the differences and similarities between European and Aboriginal ways of understanding land.
- I can reflect on how these differences may impact the Canadian environment and its inhabitants.
How does the lives of different people living in Canada have an impact on the Canadian environment?
How are European and Aboriginal attitudes towards ownership of land and land use similar and different?
If two groups have vastly different views of what land is and how to use it, what difficulties might arise when making agreements about that land?
Stage 2: Determine Evidence for Assessing Learning
- Students will demonstrate that they have an understanding of the differences and similarities of European and Aboriginal attitudes towards ownership of land and use of land and its resources by creating a Venn Diagram.
- Students will demonstrate a deeper understanding of the topic by writing a reflective piece on what they believe some of the difficulties might be when two groups with vastly different views make agreements about land ownership and use.
Stage 3: Build Learning Plan
|Set (Warm-up, Focusing the Learning): Time: 10 minutes
Students will watch the following videos to gain initial insight on European and Aboriginal views of land ownership and use. Throughout each video, students will write down what they believe to be key points.
Play this YOUTUBE VIDEO on how Europeans view land ownership and land use — remove stereotyping, grouping and judgement by stating that not all European individuals believe in this way of living.
Play this YOUTUBE VIDEO on how the FIrst Nations people view land ownership and land use — remove stereotyping, grouping and judgement by stating that not all First Nations communities live the exact same way; however, this is a main component in their way of living.
Development: Time: 35 minutes
- Create a T-chart on the board — one side labelled European and the other: First Nations
- Each student will be given a paragraph that is either an example of a European or First Nations worldview of land ownership and use.
- One at a time, each student will read his/her paragraph out loud. As a class, students must decide if this is an example of a European or First Nations worldview and why they think this is. “Whys” will be written on the board in the T chart under the corresponding choice.
- Through this activity, students may begin to see that there are not only differences between the two worldviews, but similarities as well.
- After each student has read their statement — Individually, students will create a Venn Diagram based on the information in the T-chart. It is up to the students to differentiate between the similarities and differences between European and First Nations worldviews of land ownership and use.
Learning Closure: Exit Slip Time: 5 min.
Individually, students will write a short reflective response on the following question:
If two groups have vastly different views of what land is and how to use it, what difficulties do you think might arise when making agreements about that land?
Each student’s Venn Diagram and reflective response will be handed in at the end of class.
- Computer for Youtube Videos
- Whiteboard and markers
- Looseleaf and pencils
- Printed examples of European and First Nations worldviews on land ownership and use
- Make sure students stay on task by circulating around the room
- Provide different learning opportunities for different learning styles — visual, oral, individual, group learning
Safety Considerations: n/a
- Provide a written visual of the speaking in the YouTube videos for some students to follow along with and have the needed information in front of them.
- If a student is uncomfortable or unable to speak in front of the class, they may write student responses on the board throughout the development portion of the lesson.
|Stage 4: Reflection
To be completed after the implementation of the lesson.
Wow! I cannot believe that this was my second last day of being in the classroom for the semester. It has definitely flown by, but time flies when you’re having fun! I had a pretty eventful day. In the morning we had a school assembly and it was the first time hearing that the school was taking part in an activity based on the movie “Inside Out” The movie is about a young girl who just like us, is guided by the emotions: joy, fear, anger, disgust and sadness. These emotions live in Headquarters, the control center inside Riley’s mind, and guide her in her everyday life. These emotions are actually made into characters in the movie. Each week, the school introduces a new character in an assembly. The whole school is so excited about it and so eager to learn more. The principle and vice principle visit each classroom and talk about how these different emotions might affect a person. For example, the students are given a scenario and they have to decide which emotion that scenario falls under and how you can manage that emotion. I think it is such a great idea and that this activity teaches students the skills and knowledge for everyday life.
Our school runs on the 5 day schedule which has its ups and downs. Day 2 and day 5 are band days, and since I am in a 6/7 split, we do not have the whole class for most of the morning which can be quite frustrating at times. This also limits us as to what we can teach. Today I taught Art again, which I am not upset about because I am very comfortable teaching it. Since grade 6 is all about identity, I got the class to come up with their own definition of identity, and examples of what influences someone’s identity. I then asked the class to tell me what their schools’ identity is. I then asked them to create a banner for the school based on it’s identity. This class absolutely loves art and anything that has to do with drawing, so they loved it. There are so many talented drawers and I loved seeing all their banners. Although I love teaching Art, I want to challenge myself and step outside of my comfort zone. So next week I am going to teach a Social Studies lesson!
This week Dustan and I did an English lesson together and we were both so excited for it. We did the pechaflickr game as a little engage lesson. It was going so well and the kids were having a lot of fun until an inappropriate picture popped up. We were both so embarrassed but most of the kids did not even know what it meant. The next thing we did was play a short video and the kids were supposed to identify common themes that they found throughout. The video was hysterical and the kids loved it! After the video Dustan asked them a handful of questions and we had a great group discussion for about half an hour. This group of kids looooves to talk and debate so a group discussion is perfect for them. One thing that I learned from this lesson is that things arent always going to go the way you want so you just have to go with it.
The principle of the school called Dustan and I into her office for the last class. All of the kids thought that we were in trouble. It was really funny! She told us that all teachers have to be observed by the principle or vice principle a certain amount of times throughout the year. She gave us a handout of a checklist that she looks for while observing which was so helpful! She also told us some things that she looks for during an interview. I absolutely love everything about this school and look forward to going every week.